Types of therapy
Therapy may be available for individuals, couples, families and groups, and there are different ways of working with people, usually referred to as ‘approaches’ or ‘techniques’ or ‘modalities’. This just means that therapists have had different training and have different ways of working with clients, for example Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Person-centred therapy, Psychodynamic therapy, Trauma therapy etc. Although therapists may train specifically in one model of therapy, they may incorporate different techniques from other models if they feel it will be helpful to their client. In addition some therapists may have specific approaches for working with people with eating disorders, addictions, issues of sexuality etc.
Devised by Carl Rogers and also called "Client-Centred" or "Rogerian" counselling, this is based on the assumption that a client seeking help in the resolution of a problem they are experiencing, can enter into a relationship with a counsellor who is sufficiently accepting and permissive to allow the client to freely express any emotions and feelings.
This will enable the client to come to terms with negative feelings, which may have caused emotional problems, and develop inner resources. The objective is for the client to become able to see himself as a person, with the power and freedom to change, rather than as an object
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